The Bushong United Family Tree Website

The Front Page 
The Front Page
The Bushong Family History
The Bushong United Family Tree
Published Bushong Articles
Bushong Photographs
The Bushong DNA Project
Submit History to the Bushong United Family Tree
About the Bushong United Project
Send a Comment - Read the Comments
The Bushong United Digital Reference Library


The Bushong United
Front Page         

Welcome to the Bushong United Family Tree, dedicated to the exploration and preservation of the Bushong genealogical record - its heritage.

As with all things, there can be only one truth, and there can be only one true Bushong genealogical record. And that is the record that is found in the Bushong United Family Tree, the Gold Standard for Bushong genealogy. Or simply put, it is the most accurate, most complete, best sourced, and largest Bushong database in the world. And if your tree doesn't match its branch in the Bushong United Tree, then it's probably wrong, so fix it. Either or, send in your additions, or cite sources and prove your side, so the Bushong United Tree can be corrected. Regardless, in Bushong genealogy, there can be only one truth.

In creating the Bushong United Tree, I was also able to solve many of the age-old mysteries surrounding this Bushong-Boschung family, even tracing them back to Germany and Switzerland. Though I didn't set out to, in the process, I became a "Bushong Historian". It's no secret how, because it happened by going through thousands of Bushongs, and if you'd charted the Bushong family into a tree and studied it as I have, you'd be one too.

Of course, it was a lot of work, but I eventually charted all the Bushongs, beginning with the FindaGrave Bushong listings, then continuing with the entire 1930 US Census. I charted them, using a simple program called Family Tree Builder, (available for free download from My Heritage). Each name with their details was entered, which created the database and a family tree consisting of thousands of Bushongs, The Bushong United Family Tree. All of us can surely recognize that the only way to keep track of all the various Bushongs and their branches is with a family tree, or at least you need access to one.

But here at Bushong United, you can have access and are free to share the Bushong United Tree, as well as all of our articles, documents, and photos from this Colonial American family. You can study here online, or even download photos, or the family tree. The tree can then be imported into your tree or even used to begin a new tree. So with all this, hopefully, there will someday be more trees and historians, who can advance the Bushong Family Heritage even farther. But unless you have a tree, don't even try, you'll never be able to keep up with all the Johns, Jacobs, Williams, and the rest.

Rick Bushong
Note: these articles, images, and photographs will not be here, online, forever.
If any of this information is relevant to your family, copy it, archive it, and back it up!

Two Searches Available
At RootsWeb

this Website
search tips advanced search
site search by freefind

What is Happening in Bushong Genealogy

Scroll Down

The Bushongs Get Around
Silas Eugene Bushong and
Antique Transportation

In the past, I have published photographs of Bushongs and their antique automobiles, and they appeared to be quite popular. Now in order to continue, I am now expanding to include other forms of transportation, which I am calling, logically, The Bushongs Get Around with their Antique Transportation. This time, two photographs of Silas Eugene Bushong are featured including a beautiful photograph of Silas standing next to a steam locomotive.
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Silas Eugene Bushong and Rose C. Davis/ Luther Davis Bushong and Martha Jane Crawford/ Isaac A.J. Bushong and Sarah Swank/ Henry Bushong and Catherine Brew/ Henry W. Bushong and Barbara Lohr/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans John Bushong (IV) and Barbara/ Hanss John Boschung (III) and Anna Maria Boschung/ Hans Boschung (II) and Anna Stocker/ Hans Boschung (I) and Anna Anneler/ Michael Studer-Boschung and Dichti Jaggi.
Silas Eugene Bushong, was born April 16, 1880, in Kerr County, Texas. He was the son of Luther Davis Bushong and Martha Jane Crawford. Luther who was born in 1852, should be remembered for his 1940 autobiography, (available in our Digital Library), where he relates his life in the west after running away as a boy, from his Virginia home. Luther was to travel over much of the country, visiting many states, including Texas, Arizona, and California, to name a few. Luther passed away in Real County, Texas in 1942. Regardless, Silas is easily tracked in census and other civic records.

In about 1900, Silas married Rose C. Davis, probably while still in Kerr County. Rose was born, February 11, 1880. They were to have three daughters and the first was Lola, born in 1900, in El Paso. Dollie Francis, the middle child was born in Seattle, Washington in 1902, but sadly, died in 1915 at just 13 years old.

Following Dollie's passing, Silas and Rose had one more child, Ella May, who was born in 1916, in El Paso. From Silas' census records and his 1918 Draft Registration, it can be seen that sometime between 1910 and 1918, Silas began working for the Southern Pacific Railroad. It was in the beginning, when he probably worked as freightman, but he was also a brakeman and eventually a conductor. In all Silas worked for the railroad at least 22 years, and maybe a couple more that have not been documented. However in 1941, he had retired and moved to San Francisco, California, when on August 3rd of that year he died. His passing, less than a year and a half after his retirement, perhaps bears a certain irony. He reported on the 1940 Census, in the year 1939, he worked 48 weeks, less a vacation, or virtually the entire year. Nevertheless, it is apparent he was proud of working for the railroad, and must have enjoyed it. This considering in 1940 he declared his occupation a Conductor on a Steam Railroad and his obituary said he was a member of the Order of Railway Conductors. It is fitting that Silas' body would have been sent by train from San Francisco back to Texas where he was buried in Evergreen Cemetery in El Paso, Texas. At the funeral, all of the pallbearers were Conductors and members of the order, as well.FindaGrave here

Bushong Rites Set For Today
Funeral services for Silas E. Bushong, 61, Milner Hotel, will be held in the Martin Mortuary Chapel at 3 p. m. Friday with Rev. Martin L.. Sims officiating. He was a retired Southern Pacific Railroad Conductor. Burial will be in Evergreen Cemetery with Five Points Masonic Lodge No. 1137 officiating at the grave. Pallbearers, all members of the Order of Railway Conductors, of which Mr. Bushong was a member, will be Leon F. Abbott, A. C. Kinsey, R. E. Mounts, L. O. Fall, W. H. Prickett, and C. A. Lewis.

Source: The El Paso Times El Paso, Texas Friday, 8 August 1941 Page 2.
    Civic Record
  • 1880 Census, here in Kerr County, Texas, as an infant
  • 1900 Census, here: in Kerr County, Texas, taken in June, before 1st daughter's birth, with wife Rose and brother, Clarence.
    Occupation: farm labor,
  • 1910 Census, here: in Pinal County, Arizona. Occupation: Odd jobs
  • 1918 Draft Registration, here, in El Paso, Texas
    Occupation: Freight man, Brakeman and Conductor for the Southern Pacific Railroad.
  • 1920 Census, here, in El Paso. Occupation: conductor.
  • 1930 Census, here, in El Paso, Texas. Occupation: conductor.
  • 1940 Census, on April 18 here. in El Paso, Texas. Occupation: Conductor for Steam Railroad.
  • Death Record: in San Francisco, California, August 3, 1941 here. Worked 48 weeks in 1939 and made $3671
Visiting Roosevelt Dam Project

Silas with daughters, Lola and Dollie, riding a wagon, near the Roosevelt Dam, in Arizona. For original photograph with caption, click here.
      In his first photograph, we find Silas with his daughters in Arizona, as tourists, riding in what is obviously a sight-seeing wagon or coach. The photo's hand written caption is: "Gene Bushong and 2 daughters at Roosevelt Dam." In the old covered wagon the driver sits on the left, holding a whip, while daughter, Dollie sits between him and Silas, with Lola peeking out from the back of the wagon. Lola, the older, looks to be six to seven years old and Dollie between four and five. That dates the photo between 1906 and 1907. That would be very close to when the Theodore Roosevelt Dam was begun. Of course construction started earlier, but on September 20, 1906, with much fan fare, the giant cornerstone for the dam was laid. source But this means Silas would have been seeing an early stage of the dam's construction. It is even conceivable, he was there for the cornerstone ceremonies.

The umbrella in the photo, an advertising attempt by a local furniture store, would have come in handy in the Arizona heat, and could have possibly been given out or sold to tourists. This since another McNeil umbrella was reported and it provided the full slogan: "You get the girl, J. P. McNeil will furnish the house." From period local newspaper advertisements, McNeil's store is found opposite Miners' Union Hall, in the town of Globe, which is about 32 miles from the dam's site.

The Roosevelt Dam is on the Salt River located northeast of Phoenix, Arizona. It was created to provide water and power for the Salt River Valley and nearby, Phoenix, and was the first major project to be completed under a new federal reclamation program. When finished in 1911, standing 357 feet (109 m) high, it was, at the time, the world's tallest masonry dam. Today over 100 years after completion, the Roosevelt Dam is still serving and Lake Roosevelt, which it created, is the sixth largest water reservoir in the United State.source

Roosevelt Dam on September 20, 1907. This must be close to what Silas saw on his visit. Notice two men standing on top of the dam, close to the middle.

The Roosevelt Dam in 1984. Compliments of Wikipedia.
      The photograph just above, shows the progress of the dam on September 20, 1907, one year after the cornerstone was laid. If Silas was there in 1907, this could have been close to what he saw. To get a sense of the project's scale, enlarge the photograph and notice two men standing in the middle on top of the dam. Jumping ahead, the 1984 photograph on the left, shows the fully completed project.

It is perhaps noteworthy, that around 1912, when Arizona became a state, Silas' railroad, Southern Pacific had already constructed a hotel near the dam and was offering tours of it and the lake.source Ultimately, Southern Pacific, operated a lodge at Lake Roosevelt for many years.
Silas and the Railroad

In this next historic photograph, Silas, standing on the right side, in a the cowboy hat is posing next to what is clearly a locomotive that he worked on. The photo, taken sometime in the 1920s, also has three gentlemen who are likely his co-workers. Notice the man next to Silas, is wearing a uniform, of sorts, that has an almost even layer grease up to his chest. It seems he could be the engineer. Identifying the type of locomotive proved difficult, with such severe cropping in the photograph. As a result, most identifying features, such as the front of the train have been cut out. That and the wheels, which are used to identify and classify locomotives, are all but blocked from view.


With three other workers, in about 1920, Silas Bushong, is wearing a
cowboy hat and standing on the far right.

But in searching photos of Southern Pacific Railroad (SPR) steam engines, a couple of similar engines came up. They were made by Baldwin Locomotive Works and for example, made in 1907 is Engine no 2521, a 2-8-0 class locomotive, and it appears similar to ours. Click here to see its photo. Notice the piping on the side is almost identical to the engine in Silas' photo. Also Silas worked for SPR who bought a lot of the Baldwin Company's engines. Baldwin Locomotive Works was in business from 1825 to 1956.source Since they are classified by their wheel arrangement, if Silas' locomotive's wheel are the same as 2521 then they are probably the same model. These engines were designed largely as freight haulers,source and though they were not very fast, they could haul long heavy trains. Interestingly, the town of Globe, mentioned above, has a Baldwin Locomotive on permanent display. Built in 1901 it is Engine number 1774 and it is a 0-6-2 class engine.source

Silas Bushong, had an interesting job and visited the Roosevelt Dam construction project, which in its time, was a modern marvel. Seeing his old photographs allows us to learn a little bit.

April 14, 2020
From Pennsylvania Again
Warning-Alert  Bushong Heritage For Sale SOLD
Emma Bushong and Joseph Burkholder Bible pages

Another find on eBay. These pieces of Bushong heritage, that are being offered from Landisville, Pennsylvania, are from the Emma Bushong and Joseph Burkholder family.
LINEAGE Emma R. Bushong and Joseph R. Burkholder/ John Heller Bushong and Elizabeth Rupp/ Jacob Bushong and Elizabeth Heller/ Johannes John Bushong and Eva D. Eckman/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans John Bushong (IV) and Barbara/ Hanss John Boschung (III) and Anna Maria Boschung/ Hans Boschung (II) and Anna Stocker/ Hans Boschung (I) and Anna Anneler/ Michael Studer-Boschung and Dichti Jaggi.
However, they unfortunately appear to be pages torn out of and separated from a family Bible too. So the Bible may never be found. But there are three pages, including a births page (above), a deaths page, and a marriage record. The writing on them is beautifully done calligraphy and is very clear and legible. Note: Below is a partial listing, but to see the full eBay sale or the other pages go to the eBay sale. here.

BURKHOLDER / BUSHONG 1850-80s Family Calligraphic Ancestry - Lancaster Co. Penna
“Excellent condition with beautiful calligraphy , ready to frame and display. Please see the photos ” ... Read more
CALLIGRAPHY - Original 1850s - 1880s Family Ancestry for the JOSEPH R. BURKHOLDER of Farmersville, Lancaster County, Penna and EMMA R. BUSHONG of Oregon, Lancaster County, Penna. MARRIAGE

Outstanding calligraphic record of the MARRIAGE of Joseph Burkholder and Emma Bushong on December 9, 1875 by Rev. W.T. Gerhard, and witnessed by Clayton Bushong and Lizzie Burkholder. In addition to the Marriage Record, there is also a full page of BIRTHS of the Parents and their Children and another page for DEATHS. The historical value of these records is important, but the beautiful calligraphy is outstanding. Take a good enlarged look at how decorative each letter is - not only is the letter itself decorated, but also the interior spaces of each letter and also the air all around each letter. Amazing!
Price:US $16.99 Buy It Now SOLD
Best Offer: Make Offer
Delivery in 2 days
Longtime member
No returns
Shipping:$8.65 Standard Shipping | See details

To view it on eBay, click here.

This is absolutely a must have if Emma and Joseph are in your branch
and at this price maybe even if they are not!
April 3, 2020
More Bushong
Photographs Found

This month, let me sign up again for another 14 day free trial. This is my second time, so it seems every four years or so, they will let me sign back up. Like the last time I unsubscribed on the 13th day, and avoided the monthly bill., is still missing most of the Bushong history, but they do have one thing that we need, and that is family photos. Members of upload thousands and thousands of their family photos that unfortunately -the only way to see is to become a subscribing member. So for me, hopefully every few years they'll let me back in. They will have a new bunch of photos, and maybe some of will be needed for our Bushong family heritage.

On, I went through around 125,000 items that their search returned. Of those about 100 were new or improved photographs of Bushongs that were nice to find. Those are photos of Bushongs in the first six generations from immigration. Six is the maximum generations I could fit in the (Digital) Bushong Photo Album. Ultimately, we ended up with about 15 new Bushong photo pages. This brings the number of photo pages for Bushongs with photos or important papers to 362. So the next time you get a chance, be sure and check for new ones in the Album, here.

I also came across some Bushong photos that can be used in a Bushongs and Antique Transportation series, so be looking for those soon.

Please remember if you share photographs on, most people can't see them.
Also keeps your photos forever and they can not be deleted.

March 26, 2020
Warning-Alert  Bushong Family Tree  Warning-Alert
on RootsWeb
Has Changed

I've always said that things on the internet, including this website, are not archival and often change or disappear. Well, here is a good example: the Bushong United Family Tree, hosted on RootsWeb has changed. Many will recall that the RootsWeb site had a serious security breach. Occurring almost two years ago, they had to stop allowing all tree and mailing list updates. First reported on this website, here, I can attest it was a serious breech since with it, my password was stolen and the thieves attempted unsuccessfully to use it on this site and another site. Because of the breech, I've been unable to update the Bushong United Tree since December 2017.

The good news is that the RootsWeb site has been newly rebuilt and I have been able to update the Bushong United Tree. The bad news, and I hope they change it is, the search engine is now different, and many of the features have disappeared. I'm still figuring it out, but searches can not be refined or "narrowed" down like before, and you will have to sort through a lot more data to find what you need. In fairness, I have only done a few searches, but it certainly seems very difficult to use.

In the mean while, you can access the tree, here. I will let everyone know if I hear more, and hopefully they will refine the search in the future.

As a final warning, this website will not be here forever, either. Copy and back up what you need before something happens to it too!

Happy Thanksgiving!!
November 26, 2019
  A New Article About  
Hans John Bushong
The Dutchman

I am pleased to announce a new chapter in the Bushong history has been finished. This one is about John Bushong (1692-1749), also known as Hans Boschung IV. Being longer than most of my other articles, it was more difficult to write. If references are any measure, it has more than all the others.

One thing I found exciting was locating the original Bushong farm in Lancaster County. It is amazing how modern technology made it possible, because by using satellite imagery and an old plot map as an overlay it was possible to pin-point the old Bushong property. The article is available in Featured Articles column to the right, or the Articles page.

Hans John Bushong finally has his own article! Read it here.

October 3, 2019
A New Article is Coming!
For Hans John Bushong IV

Hello readers,
Just wanted to let you know that there is more Bushong genealogy on its way. I am most of the way through writing the next chapter in this family's history, which is about John Bushong IV, (1692-1749), the Dutchman. As always whenever I examine a different part of the Bushong history, new things come to light, and this is also true in this case.

Look for it coming soon!

August 16, 2019
The Bushong Home on TV!
of the
New Market Battlefield in Virginia

The Bushong Farm in 1880 or 1881.
New Market, Shenandoah County, Virginia.

I am pleased to announce that the Bushong home and farm of the New Market Battlefield in Shenandoah County, Virginia, has been chosen to be featured in an episode of Barnwood Builders. It is titled "Battle Ready", and will premiere on the DIY network May 12th. It also should be noted it is just three days shy of May 15th, the 155th anniversary of the actual battle. That day, Confederate General John C. Breckinridge, with the help of the cadets from Virginia Military Institute, (VMI), defeated Major General Franz Sigel and the Union advance.
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Jacob Bushong and Sally Strickler/ Henry W. Bushong and Barbara Lohr/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans John Bushong (IV) and Barbara Bushong (the immigrants)/ Hanss John Boschung (III) and Anna Maria Boschung of Switzerland, (immigrated before 1719)/ Hans Boschung (II) and Anna Stocker/ Hans Boschung (I) and Anna Anneler/ Michael Studer-Boschung and Dichti Jaggi.
Some may recall that Jacob Bushong and Sally Strickler Bushong were there during the battle, and the Bushong house became an impromptu hospital for the wounded troops streaming back from the fighting. It is said that Jacob and Sally remained in the basement during the battle, but helped with the wounded soldiers whenever they could.

Regardless, back in November, I was contacted by Katie Earls an associate producer for a television production company. One of its 18 different shows is Barnwood Builders. Katie explained they intended to create an episode that included the New Market Bushong farm and needed some help verifying a few photographs for the show. I was delighted to help and had only had one condition, and that was they not bring up or mention the "French Huguenot named Jean Beauchamp Myth," which they agreed. Aside from that, the production company, "Silent Crow Arts" is very careful to stay within copyright and public domain guidelines and they had a couple of photos to use in the show. By painstakingly identifying subjects in the photos, we were able to date some of them to a two year range, 1880-1881, which satisfied their public domain requirement. Katie said the photos are used at the beginning.

In the episode, Barnwood Builders will visit the Virginia Museum of the Civil War, which is near a job site where they build a log cabin. In the museum they get some local history and then visit the buildings on the property which include the wheelwright shop, blacksmith shop, loom house, hen house, ice house, and summer kitchen. Here is their schedule...

  "Battle Ready," with the Bushong Farm premieres on May 12, 2019

It should be a fun episode, I encourage everyone to watch!
April 5, 2019
The Hans Phillip Bushong
Recorded Will

1785 Washington County, Maryland

To view or copy full size, click on image - click Backspace to return        To view or copy full size, click on image - Backspace to return
The recorded 1785 will of Hans Philip Bushong.
(click to enlarge)
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans John Bushong (IV) and Barbara/ Hanss John Boschung (III) and Anna Maria Boschung of Switzerland, (immigrated before 1719)/ Hans Boschung (II) and Anna Stocker/ Hans Boschung (I) and Anna Anneler/ Michael Studer-Boschung and Dichti Jaggi.
At, using the book numbers, included in an old transcription, I tracked down this scan of the recorded will of Hans Philip Bushong. Though there have been transcriptions made of it, I don't believe the original has been published yet. Of course, a recorded will is a transcription too, but it is copied from the actual will by, in this case, an official Washington County, Maryland Registrar. There are mistakes too, made by Thomas Bell the registrar.

But over the years there have been at least a couple of transcribed versions of Hans Philip's will published and those both vary with each other. One of them unfortunately edited and corrected text and spelling, for instance, the name "Barbary" was changed to Barbara. This is just wrong since it strips away historical integrity and context. If she was called Barbary, then we should know that. Then put "[sic]" after it to indicated the original writer wrote it like that. The readers will be able to figure it out and I think most of us can appreciate an accurate transcription over one that is an interpretation. Regardless, below, is an accurate transcription. (Just don't run it through spell checker.)
In the Name of God Amen I Phillip Bushong of Washington County and State of Maryland being very weak in body but of perfect mind and memory thanks be be [sic] given to God Calling to mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it is appointed for all men Once to die do make and Ordain this my last Will and Testament that is to say principally & first of all I give and Recommend my body unto the Earth to be buried in a decent Christian Burreal at the descretion of my Exec and I Recommend my Sole unto the All Mighty God who gave it to me nothing doubting but at the General Resurection I shall Receive the same again by the Almighty power of God and as touching such Worldly Estate as it has pleased God to bless me with in this life I give demise and dispose of the same in the the Same in the [sic] following manner and form.

Imprimise my Will is that my beloved Wife Barbary shall have an Eaquel Share with any of my Heirs herein Mentioned in my Real and personal Estate According to a Certain Marriage Contract between us Enacted this shall be the full Satisfaction for her dower and besides this her share she shall have no farther Right to my Estate Eighter Real or personal Except what she brought to me, and the Remaining and Residue of my Estate bothe Real and personal I leave and bequeath unto my nine children viz. as follows Except Sundry Leagcies hereafter Mentioned. John Bushong, Barbary Wife of Henry Hardman, Phillip Bushong Peter Bushong Henry Bushong, Mary Bushong Jacob Bushong David Bushong Elizabeth Bushong to be Eaqual divided between them.

Imprimise I give and bequeath to my Eldest Son John Bushong five Pounds

Imprimise I give and Bequeath unto the Widow of Robert Michael or his Heirs after her death forty Pounds & Ten Shillings it being for a Sertin Sum of Money I Borroweth of her Husband in former Good times and paid it in Continental Money when it Rated twenty for One

Imprimise my will is that is to say after my Death my Executors shall and may sell of my Real and personal Estate and Make Convayens for for [sic] said Lands to those fit thinking and after paying all just debts and funeral Charges and the leagcies above Mentioned the Remaining part to be divided as is herein before Mentioned that is to say to my beloved Wife Barbary and my nine children. And also I constitute and Appoint Christian Newcomer and Jacob Hess to be the Executors of this my last Will and Testament and I do hereby utterly disalow Revoke and dissanull all and every Other Testaments Will Legacies bequests Executors by me in any wise before named Willed and Bequeathed Ratifying and Confirming this and no Other to be my last Will and Testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal this seventh day of February in the Year of our Lord Seventeen Hundred & Eighty five. Phillip (his X mark) Bushong [seal]

Signed Sealed published and declared by me the Said Phillip Bushong as my last Will and Testament in the presence of us who in his presence and in the presence of each Other have hereunto Subscribed our names. John Core, Conrad Nichodemus Martin Belmire On the book of the Original Will of the said Philip Bushong the following Indorsements to wit Washington County Ss Feby 26th 1785 Came Christian Newcome & Jacob Hess & Solemly declared & Affirmed that the within Instrument of Writing is the true and whole Will & Testament of Phillip Bushong late of said County deceased that hath come to there hands or possession & that they do not know of any other. And at the same time Came John Coir, Conrad Nichodemus & Martin Belmire the three Subscribing Witnesses to the Within last Will & Testament of Phillip Bushong late of said County deceased & Severally declared & affirmed that they did see the Testator therein Named Sign & seal this Will & that they heard him publish pronounce & declare the Same to be his last Will & Testament that at the time of his So doing he was to the best of their Apprehentions of sound & disposing mind memory & understanding & that they respectively Subscribed their names as Witnesses to this Will in the presence & at the Request of the Testator & in the presence of each Other
Certified by
[signed] Thomas Bell Regr.
Recorded February 26th 1785

Washington County Will Book A
pages 107-109
Hagerstown, Maryland.

Hans Philip Bushong, who went by Philip, was born in 1722, probably in Germany. But it should be noted, family lore persists that the Boschungs spent some time in France, so we just don't yet know. Regardless, he arrived in Pennsylvania in 1731 on the Ship Britannia, at around nine years old. Later, likely before December 1750 when his first child, Johannes John Bushong was born, he married Anna Eva Hergard. Anna, who was born in 1733 and is thought to have been from France. She died June 19, 1778 and interestingly, Anna's tombstone, (viewable on Bushong United, here), is a part of the "Bushongs were not French" evidence. Accordingly it is carved completely in German..
Hier ruhen die Gebeine Anna Eva Bushong
Gebohren den 22 July AD 1733 Gestorben den 19 June AD 1778
Im Ihres Alters 44 Jahre 11 Monatheweniger 3 Tage
It translates to "Here lie the bones Anna Eva Bushong, born the 22 July AD 1733. Died the 19 June AD 1778. In their age 44 years 11 Months,less 3 days." Following her death, Hans married Barbara "Barbary" (Miller) Kimmel, May 23, 1780, in First Reformed Church, Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Barbara was the widow of Adam Kimmel and she died in 1794. A page has been added to the Bushong Photo Album for Hans Philip and this document is also available there.

This appears to be the oldest will in Bushong heritage. At least that we can view.
Hans Philip's father's hasn't been seen in years and his siblings all died later, or their will hasn't yet been located.

March 18, 2019
Warning-Alert  More Bushong Heritage For Sale  Warning-Alert
Again from Lancaster County
Gilbert Bushong On eBay - Updated

Photo of Henry Bushong's 1854 fractur to Gilbert Bushong
Note: the white blemish appears to be from the camera flash, since they are different in other photos.
Gilbert Bushong Bird Of Paradise Wedding Fraktur Lancaster PA Abolitionist 1854
Watercolor Wedding Fraktur depicting two Birds of Paradise, flanking a green outlined heart with the following script " The Greater Bird Of Paradise made for Gilbert Bushong by his Father in the seventy first year of his age 2 M o 3 1854". Executed in 1854 by Henry Bushong, for his son Gilbert, Eden Twp Lancaster County Pennsylvania. Gilbert Bushong's diaries are in the Lancaster County historical society. The Bushong Family oversaw Station #10 of the Underground Railroad and were one of the leaders of the Christiana Riots. The fraktur measures 12" x 7 1/2 sight, 10 1/2" x 15" with the frame. The frame is old and very attractive, with faux, curly maple paint. The watercolors are still nice and bright, some staining is evident on the fraktur, but it does not impose upon the written script or the watercolor Birds. A very attractive, period PA German watercolor with an excellent and interesting history. Full refund, less shipping, if not completely satisfied.

Starting bid:US $350.00 $325
[ 0 bids ]
Ends Monday, 10:50AM March 18
Ends Monday, 9:30AM March 25

Ships from United States
30-day returns
Shipping: $17.00 Expedited Shipping | See details
See full listing and bid, here.

BUSHONG LINEAGE: Gilbert Bushong and Edith Kinsey Paxson/ Henry Bushong and Esther Valentine/ Johannes John Bushong and Eve Dorothea Eckman/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans John Bushong (IV) and Barbara/ Hanss John Boschung (III) and Anna Maria Boschung of Switzerland, (immigrated before 1719)/ Hans Boschung (II) and Anna Stocker/ Hans Boschung (I) and Anna Anneler/ Michael Studer-Boschung and Dichti Jaggi.
This is a different Bushong heirloom being sold off. It is called a fraktur, and was drawn and lettered by Henry Bushong in 1854 in honor of his son Gilbert's marriage to Edith Paxson. The piece offers a unique insight into Henry Bushong, since before, there was no reason to believe he was artistic.

Regardless, it is unbelievable the amount of Bushong photos, diaries, and now folk art, that has been turning up for sale from this Bushong branch. This should serve as a reminder, that if you don't have a Bushong to pass your family's keepsakes on to, then they have a good chance of being lost from the family. Sorry there is not much time left for the auction, but it is possible it will not sell and that maybe it will then be relisted.

Detail photo of the sentiment Henry Bushong wrote for his son.

And to think, Gilbert and Henry were part of Lancaster County's Underground Railroad too!
March 16, 2019
March 18: Updated- not sold.
March 21: Updated - relisted.
Warning-Alert  Bushong Heritage For Sale  Warning-Alert
More Lancaster County Photos
On eBay-Updated

Jacob                                Elwood

Here's the listing from eBay...
You are bidding on a 2 ANTIQUE TINTYPE PHOTOS sealed in Paper Frames depicting nice Portraits of 2 Cute Little Boys wearing nice Outfits. They are nicely posed and dressed. Tintypes measure approximately 4" X 2 1/2", including the frames. Tintypes are smaller. Still in Quite Good Condition, especially given the age, and as far as Tintypes go - Please see MY PICS to see Condition!! This is a NO RESERVE Auction!

Price: $6.99
Shipping: $3.99
Auction ends: April 15, 10:59AM

To go to eBay and see the listing, click here.

BUSHONG LINEAGE: Elwood and Jacob Bushong/ Henry Bushong and Irene L. Paxson/ Jacob Bushong and Margaret Hobson/ Henry Bushong and Sarah Gilbert/ Johannes John Bushong and Eve Dorothea Eckman/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans John Bushong (IV) and Barbara/ Hanss John Boschung (III) and Anna Maria Boschung of Switzerland, (immigrated before 1719)/ Hans Boschung (II) and Anna Stocker/ Hans Boschung (I) and Anna Anneler/ Michael Studer-Boschung and Dichti Jaggi.
Again for sale, out of the Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Bushong family, are two nice tintypes of brothers Jacob Henry Bushong, 1876-1936 and Elwood H. Bushong, 1873-1899. They are sons of Henry Bushong and Irene Paxson, who had seven children in all. You might recall a year ago two later photos of Elwood in uniform were sold on eBay. See them on Bushong United, here These photos are being auctioned out of New York, so in the 160 or so years since they were taken, they haven't strayed too far away from where they were made. The backs are identified with a later ball point pen, but there is no reason to doubt it, as they match with the ages between the brothers, as well as the dress in the period when they would have been taken, which is about 1879 or so. Beside there are the two other photos of Elwood to compare with.

The back of the tintypes.

The price is very reasonable, especially for identified tintypes. If this is your Bushong branch, bring them home!
February 9, 2019
March 16, 2019: Updated- not sold and was relisted. (Link above is the new one.)
Warning-Alert  Bushong Heritage For Sale SOLD  Warning-Alert
Another 1860s Lancaster Photo Album
On eBay

Newly uncovered Lancaster Rakestraw-Bushong album.
Here is the ad from eBay...
1860s Album & Photos Bushong Rackstraw Family Underground Railroad, PA Quakers
Antique 1860s photo album and original CDV and tintype photos, a total of 24 original, period photographs (25 if you count the bible/album advertisement).

Several members of the Bushong / Rackstraw family from around Lancaster, PA. Quite a few are identified, and online research shows that several of them were members of the Underground Railroad. There are 10-11 ID's and several pages of unidentified gem tintypes towards the back of the album.

Album is about 5.5" tall and overall in very good antique condition, except for the pages have pulled away from the spine, causing damage to one page. The photos all look very nice in their pages, but it appears that the corners have been rounded by the original owners to help them fit into the page slots.
INCLUDED: shipping is by boxed insured Priority Mail.
Price $750
Auction ends: January 3, 2019 at 12:36PM
To go to eBay and see the listing, click here

Another Pennsylvania Bushong and Rakestraw album is for sale on eBay! This coming all the way from Woodinville, Washington. You will have to decide about the price for yourselves, the Sallie Gilbert album resold in 2015 here, for $350 and it had more than twice as many photos, and more were identified. But the ad says they will take offers. Then again when it is considered back in the 1860s they paid at least $1 per photo, which is over $28.50 each in today's dollars, then our ancestors paid the equivalent of $684 dollars for the pictures, (plus the album).

Abraham Rakestraw and Lydia Bushong Rakestraw.
        The album also has an identified photograph of Lydia Bushong Rakestraw...
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Lydia Bushong (Rakestraw)/ Henry Bushong and Sarah Gilbert/ Johannes John Bushong and Eve Dorothea Eckman/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans John Bushong (IV) and Barbara/ Hanss John Boschung (III) and Anna Maria Boschung of Switzerland, (immigrated before 1719)/ Hans Boschung (II) and Anna Stocker/ Hans Boschung (I) and Anna Anneler/ Michael Studer-Boschung and Dichti Jaggi.
Until this photo marked Lydia Bushong Rakestraw was found, a photo in the Bushong Rakestraw photo collection,here, was being considered for Lydia. This based on its inclusion in the Abraham Rakestraw Daguerreotypes, her age, and resemblance to envisioned brother, Jacob, to compare the two photos, click here. But when this new identified photo of her was seen and compared with another family photo there is no doubt. Her daughter, Caroline Rakestraw (Carter), click to view, is the spitting image of her.

In addition, there are photos of sibling John's first wife, Elizabeth Walton, plus another sibling, Caroline Bushong Morrison, and her son Henry Morrison. So in all, there are two children of Henry Bushong, and one of his children's spouses that have newly identified photographs. However there is one discrepancy in the album, a photo identified as Jacob Bushong, is really his father, Henry. Both Jacob and his father's photographs have been well identified.

Elizabeth Walton Bushong
1st wife of John Bushong.
Caroline Bushong and son Henry Morrison
    Henry Bushong -NOT Jacob

Update: This album sold. The winning bid was $750, so let's hope it was to someone in the Bushong, Rakestaw, or related families.

Also in an update for a different eBay auction, Mahalon Bushong's, portrait, discussed here, is still for sale.
Its current listing can be seen, here.

We are lucky these Pennsylvania Bushong photographs keep showing up! But it is too bad they left the family.

  A tip of the hat to Dawn Orcutt for sending this in! Thank you!
December 8, 2018
Updated: December 20, 2018
How the Other Half Lives
Where The Bushong History All Came Together

Our home "Casa Esperanza" on Ambergris Caye, Belize.

Some may have noticed, (it's on the About page), I live in Belize in Central America. My wife and I retired here in 2006 and built our dream house. We designed it ourselves, though we had an architect draw up the "structural plans." It is on a secluded beach, fourteen miles from town and four miles (now) from a road, so everything had to be brought in on a barge. It is also one half mile or so (now) from the power lines, so we are solar powered too. And when our contractor had to quit after five months, with only the first floor started, I took over as acting contractor and finished, which took another 21 months, until we moved in. We have lived here year-round ever since.

This unlikely location is where the Bushong family's history was figured out. For decades, bits and pieces of it had been accumulating, like a giant puzzle, but this is where it finally all came together. Actually it was in my chair, with a laptop in the living room, on the second floor, where the large window is visible.

What you don't know, is that we are moving back to the states. In 2004, when we decided to retire in Belize, our son was an unmarried Dive Instructor, teaching scuba all over the Caribbean, Mediterranean, and Hawaii. Since then he has married, (here in Belize), and he and his wife now have two young boys, living in Denver, Colorado. We are moving to be closer to them as well as my aging father, who lives in Arizona.

So when our house eventually sells, we will be back in the USA, where I might be able to track down a few loose pieces of the Bushong puzzle, and visit more cousins.

If you would like to see more photos of go to the full listing for our house and more photos, click here.
If you have dreamed of living on the beach, the price is $799,000 fully furnished.

October 22, 2018
The Bushong Conjoined Twins
Daughter/s of Martin & Nancy

Texas, 1855

This article delves into a tragedy in one Bushong family and the death of a daughter. It is found in the form of a newspaper article that could be deemed exploitive by nature. It is certainly devoid of any sense of the Bushong's loss. And reading of remains being preserved in a bottle of alcohol, is for us, macabre. Further if this were to be published without explanation, it could challenge the Genealogist's Creed, "Primum non nocere" Latin for "first, do no harm." discussed here Because without explanation it can only be viewed as intrusive and perhaps voyeuristic in nature. So to humanize the event, we need to know more about it and perhaps in creating a narrative we can try to put this in perspective and honor "Primum non nocere." But first here is the article from the newspaper:
A Freak of Nature
Mr. Editor:
On the 2nd day of August 1855, in Cass County, Texas, Mrs. Bushong, late of Pickens County, Alabama, gave birth to a female child having two distinct heads and faces. The heads are united at the ears, only one ear being visible between them. The eyes are blue, stand wide open, and one pair are crossed. The neck is very short, the body well proportioned in length, but one third broader than usual across the chest. The heads are bare except a slight streak of hair across them from ear to ear. The child's birth was premature, supposed to have been caused by exposure in traveling to Texas. It was dead when born, and I presume may be seen at any time, at Dr. B. Y. Patterson's Cherokee settlement, Cass County, Texas (who has it preserved in alcohol) where I saw it myself, a few days ago.
    H. B. Hamilton
Linden, Cass County, Texas
Christian Advocate

The Texas State Times
Austin, Texas
Saturday, 29 September 1855
Page 2, Column 7

BUSHONG LINEAGE: Martin Bushong and Nancy Parker/ John A. Bushong and Susan Bushong/ Henry Bushong and Isabelle Summers/ Anthony Andrew Bushong/ Johann Nicholas Bushong and Anna Magdalena Schaffner (the immigrants)/ Hanss John Boschung (III) and Anna Maria Boschung of Switzerland, (immigrated before 1719)/ Hans Boschung (II) and Anna Stocker/ Hans Boschung (I) and Anna Anneler/ Michael Studer-Boschung and Dichti Jaggi.
In the Bushong United Tree, Martin Bushong and Nancy Parker are easily identified as the parents. But how sad that they lost a daughter. That she was conjoined twins only heightens the tragedy. Martin descends from Andrew Bushong (the Pioneer), through Henry Bushong and Isabelle Summers, and he was one of the two Kentucky Bushong families that moved to Pickens County, Alabama. The first was George W. Bushong Sr., 1768-1852, and Martha Davis. George senior could have lived there for a bit but moved back to Kentucky. However, his son George Jr. and daughter, Catherine Ann, were there before 1824, when she married a fellow Kentuckian, Burrell H. Parker. This branch didn't stay in Alabama, as Catherine and family left sometime after 1839 and moved to Kaufman County, Texas, before the 1850 Census. George Jr. returned to Kentucky, sometime in 1839, after spending a few years in Winston County, Mississippi.

Then there is Martin. Transcribed from a family Bible, he was born on October 17, 1817, in Tompkinsville, Monroe County, Kentucky. Martin Bushong married Nancy Parker probably in Alabama, sometime before the 1842 birth of a daughter, Susan E. Another daughter, Esther Margaret, was born in 1845, and son, William George, was born in 1847. They were enumerated, in Pickens County, Alabama for the 1850 The family name was spelled Bushong on the census, (though indexed as Bushing - see letter "o" style on Polly and George).

In 1853, while in Mississippi, Martin and Nancy, proving her disposition to twins, had twin boys, Galeton S. and Samuel Smith Bushong. Then sometime in 1855, they moved, in their covered wagon to Texas. At the time, Nancy was again pregnant. By the beginning of August, they had already traveled many miles and left Arkansas, entering Texas. But after a few miles and a day or so traveling in Texas, Nancy started into labor. The family stopped in Cass County, Texas, where they found a doctor. At Courtland, Texas (close to Queen City), a community, which at the time was called the Cherokee Settlement, Dr. Bluford Y. Patterson attended Nancy. In the area, Dr. Patterson was a well-known doctor and had been delivering babies there for years. Some babies were even named Bluford after him. As an example, in 1850, Bluford Patterson Maulden, who is listed (by his initials) in the 1850 Census. here

Nancy's child, a girl and the first Bushong born in Texas, however, was premature as well as stillborn. When it arrived, we can easily assume that neither Dr. Patterson nor anyone else had seen anything like it. Because it was not one child, but conjoined twins, later commonly called Siamese Twins. Research provides the medical terms and a definition for the condition: called, dicephalic parapagus, twins that are fused side-by-side and share a torso or pelvis. Dr. Patterson likely asked to be able to keep the child's remains to study, or maybe he traded his services for it, we do not know.

But the Bushong family, Martin, Nancy, and their five surviving children, traveled on. They still had at least two or three more weeks left traveling in their wagon, perhaps 150 miles further. They would ultimately end up in Kaufman County, Texas, where they settled for a while. In the 1860 Census, Martin and his family were still living in Kaufman, with Rock Wall listed as their Post Office. Brother James and his family were part of the same household. here In 1860, Martin listed his occupation as a "wagon wright," which is a natural, considering how many miles he put on his wagons.

In the 1870 census, neither they nor brother James are found. Maybe they were moving and missed it. But in 1878, the family is located without Martin, in Cooke County, Texas, listed on Tax So it appears Martin died before then and anytime after he was enumerated on December 6, 1860. But Nancy and sons William George, Galeton, and Samuel are listed. It perhaps should be mentioned that the 1878 Cooke County Tax Rolls show the Bushong family owning no land, which might explain their migratory-nature. Regardless, from there, Nancy fades into history too. But several of Martin's children can be tracked. However, sometime after 1878, the spelling of their name changed to "Bushon." Daughter, Esther married Ira Eaton Olmstead and later died in New York. William George has not been located. But his wife, Eliza, died in Oklahoma. The twin brothers both died in Childress, Childress County, Texas. Galeton had remained single, but Samuel married and had five children.

And of the unnamed daughter/daughters, we can only hope Dr. Patterson eventually buried the remains. Possibly somewhere near the Cherokee Settlement that later became Courtland Cemetery. For us, we can not help but wonder if Galeton, Sam, or any of their siblings, ever knew of their dead twin sisters?
This is a living branch in the Bushong Family and it may be worth noting: for this branch as well as the entire Bushong Family, another birth of conjoined twins is a statistical impossibility.
September 21, 2018
Henry Bushong
A Confederate from Pennsylvania

Click to enlarge. For the full page, (marked), click here
"Henry Bushong, formerly of Lancaster city, in this State, was arrested a day or two since,
and turned over to the provost marshal of this city, and is now an inmate of Fort Mifflin.
Mr. Bushong was a captain in the famous Black Horse (Va.) Cavalry."

The Sun
Baltimore, Maryland
Friday, Nov. 20 1863
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Henry Bushong/ John Bushong and Annie E. Meyer/ Johannes John Bushong and Eve Dorethea Eckman/ Hans Philip and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans and Barbara Bushong, the immigrants/ Hanss John Boschung (III) and Anna Maria Boschung of Switzerland, (immigrated before 1719)/ Hans Boschung (II) and Anna Stocker/ Hans Boschung (I) and Anna Anneler/ Michael Studer-Boschung and Dichti Jaggi.
I ran across a newspaper with a brief but interesting report. In the clipping above, Henry Bushong, formerly of Lancaster was arrested as a Captain in the Virginia Cavalry. A Pennsylvanian Bushong fought for the Confederacy? Wow, what a different path he must have taken. But perhaps what is more interesting is that within just a few generations of arriving in America as refugees, the Bushong family of Lancaster County, had grown into a very diverse family. Henry is only a great grandson of an immigrant, Hans Philip Bushong, yet he as well as his family, uncles, aunts, and many cousins had changed. They had grown into a family where some were becoming different religions, while others had widely differing politics.
The Entrance to Fort Mifflin, a Revolutionary War Fort, in Pennsylvania, turned into a prison during the Civil War.
      Well known among the Lancaster Bushongs are the abolitionists who struggled against slavery as members of the Underground Railroad. They and others had become Quaker and with that were pacifists who would not fight. Still other Lancaster Bushongs fought in Pennsylvanian regiments. Not only did several of Henry's first cousins join Pennsylvania Regiments, but his own brother, Israel had signed up. Israel Bushong served in the 49th Pennsylvania Infantry then the US Navy, as an assistant surgeon. But there was only one Pennsylvanian Bushong who joined the Confederacy, and that was Henry Bushong, born July 21 1825 in Bird in Hand, Lancaster County Pennsylvania and died June 25, 1891.

However, there is no evidence to suggest that Henry was anything but a Private in rank, and not a Captain. Also Henry fought in the 5th Virginia Cavalry, whereas a well known Black Horse Cavalry was the 4th Virginia Cavalry, who were from Fauquier County, Virginia. But 4th Cavalry often fought alongside of Henry's regiment. The 5th, part of the Army of Northern Virginia, fought under General Fitzhugh Lee, and beginning in 1862, Colonel Thomas L. Rosser, (later General).

With a little searching, this arrest information cast a little light on what happened. On the roll of Prisoners of War, November 17, 1863, Henry was jailed at Fort Mifflin, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Provost Marshall in the 9th district Pennsylvania, arrested him as a spy at Lancaster, on November 16. When he was arrested Henry Bushong, apparently first claimed he was a Captain of the Black Horse Calvary, from Virginia. Later he admitted he was a Private in Company A of the 5th Regiment Virginia Calvary. Then on November 25, 1863 after spending over a week in the Fort Mifflin's prison, Henry was allowed to take the oath of Allegiance and released by orders of General Cadwalader. Henry had talked his way out of being shot as a spy. Obviously he convinced them he had innocent intentions, probably just wanting to visit his wife and family, who were still living in Upper Leacock. Or maybe he was deserting? But how did he end up fighting for Virginia?

One of Fort Mifflin's cells.
The populace of Pennsylvania, was also torn during the American Civil War. Yes there were staunch Republican abolitionists, but many were hostile to abolition. In some areas and towns, including Philadelphia, the 1860 Republican political campaign even distanced themselves from their association with abolition by calling themselves the "People's party," and took up the cause of "tariff protection."source So with sentiments and partisan fervor so stirred up, it's hardly surprising that some from Pennsylvania joined the South. However, what is a surprise is that conservative estimates put the figure at over 2,000 Pennsylvanians who fought for the Confederacy.source

Maris Vernon Kerns, millwright from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
      But the saga that ended up with Henry fighting against his home state and country, began with a business venture. It seems that sometime in 1857, Henry Bushong and John Groff Landis, who used his father's money, bought some acreage in the Ware District in Gloucester (pronounced glaw - ster), County, Virginia. In an 1859 tax assessment, Henry Bushong was assessed for Wareham and 1,700 acres of land six miles north of the court house. Then in 1860, Henry and John were assessed as partners for Wareham and about 2,000 acres also in the same area. The Landis family and Bushong intermarried at least a couple of times, so Henry and John are inevitably cousins. Regardless, Henry's and John's plan was to harvest the timber from their Virginia lands and for this they needed a mill. One of Pennsylvania's skilled millwrights was Maris Vernon Kerns from the Bart Township, also in Lancaster County. Maris, at thirty years old, had become accomplished in building mills and had already built several in the county. Henry and John told Maris of their plans which turned out to be a large steam powered combination grist and saw mill. They convinced him to lead the project and Maris accepted their offer. Fully committed to the project, Maris would move his family to Virginia, too, including his wife and their three small children.source GGSV

In September 1858, Maris left Pennsylvania and began the over-land journey. Eventually arriving, in Gloucester, Maris had not just brought his family and along with tools and supplies, came a large group of Pennsylvanians, as seen on the 1860 It was a big undertaking and would be a large mill, requiring a lot of labor to build. Yet it appears the Northerners used few if any slaves, since among the Pennsylvanian engineers, carpenters, blacksmith, and wagon makers, were the necessary laborers. In an article,here the Gloucester Genealogical Society of Virginia, discusses the mill and relates "the Old Steam Mill built on the upper branch of Poropotank Creek, on what later would become Route 33 (now 14), between Plain View and Adner." When it was completed, with four steam boilers approximately forty feet long, it was thought to be the largest grist-saw mill in Eastern Virginia. By 1861 they had the mill up and running and were producing lumber when in April disaster struck, as reported in this Illinois newspaper...
"A Serious Loss
On the 12th ult. the large Steam Grist and Saw Mills, situated in Gloucester county, Va., about 50 miles below Richmond, and owned by Henry Bushong and John G. Landis, of Lancaster County, were totally consumed by fire, together with about $3000 worth of lumber.
About two years ago these gentlemen purchased a tract of woodland containing some 1500 acres, on which they built these mills, at a cost of $30,000. Their total loss is estimated at upwards of $50,000, as there was no insurance on either the mills or lumber. The fire was the work of incendiaries, as it is supposed it was done by some of the creditors of the firm who sought this plan of revenging themselves."

The Lebanon Advertiser, Illinois
Wednesday, 17 April 1861
Page 2, Column 5
On April 12th their mill was burned down. The Illinois newspaper speculated it was done by creditors of Henry and John for revenge, but it seems counter-productive to destroy a money-making mill if they wanted to get paid. Still perhaps it is no coincidence that April 12th is the very day the Civil War started. On that day hostilities started with the bombardment by South Carolina Artillery of Fort Sumter, and the mill was burned down. So it is believable when it was later said to have been done by the Yankee's. Either way, less than a month later, possibly to get revenge, both Henry and Maris joined the Confederate Cavalry.

A 1912 map of Gloucester County, Virginia, Wareham was close to are marked Broadus, in the Ware District.
Henry source and Maris source enlisted May 7, 1861 at the Gloucester Court house along with many neighbors, becoming Company A of the 5th Virginia Cavalry. Their company commander was Henry's next door neighbor, John W. Puller. Captain Puller had been in command of the regiment, sometimes called the "Gloucester Light Dragoons," for a couple of years prior. Maris, having a musical background, became the Company bugler and he reportedly could play Dixie on the bugle too. Regardless, the 5th Cavalry was a hard riding and hard fighting regiment, participating in many battles and skirmishes, including in Henry's and Maris' home state the Battle of Gettysburg.

Major John William Puller, 1833-1863 of Company A, 5th Virginia Cavalry.

      Yet throughout the war and before Gettysburg, Henry, Maris and the 5th Virginia, were often fighting Pennsylvanians. But 1863 must have been a tough year for the regiment. In March, Henry's neighbor and company commander, John W. Puller who had been promoted to Major, was killed at Kelly's Ford, Virginia.source Major Puller was shot through the chest and fell from his horse in front of Colonel Rosser.source Then between April 30 and May 6, 1863, in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, the 5th Cavalry fought in the Chancellorsville Campaign and the Battle of Chancellorsville, which was another major battle. At Chancellorsville, Henry's first cousin Private John B. Stauffer, also from Leacock, was killed defending the Union in the 122nd Regiment of the Pennsylvania Infantry.source Other fighting occurred but between June 30 and July 3, the 5th Cavalry fought on Pennsylvania soil at Gettysburg. The fighting was just 63 miles from Leacock Township, Henry's home and 72 miles from Maris' Bart Township. During the gruesome four day battle, the regiment suffered many casualties, with 58 killed, wounded, and missing, including four dead officers.source

Next, from the 5th Virginia rosters, Henry is reported absent without leave, (AWOL) November and December 1863, and he is reported to have deserted on November 15, 1863 at Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.source So it looks like Henry, took off from the regiment. We do not know if he really was quitting and deserting or just AWOL and looking for a short visit with his family, who were still in Lancaster County. Maybe he had planned on returning but was caught. At that point, he was a Confederate soldier dressed in civilian clothes. Of course, in wartime, an enemy soldier out of uniform was automatically assumed to be a spy. Summary execution was often the penalty for spying. But with the advantage of knowing the disastrous results of the Confederate Pennsylvania Campaign, culminating in the loss at Gettysburg, it seems doubtful he was spying. Simply put, how could there be any useful intelligence to be gained in Pennsylvania to justify the risk of spying? Especially considering the Confederates had completely retreated from it months before. Besides, the Confederates were busy trying to fend off attacks in Virginia and other places. So it a safe conclusion that Henry was not spying, but had he deserted to the enemy?

Transcriptions from his company's roster confirm on November 15th Henry deserted. But then an interesting coincidence was noticed. In the rosters, the same day Henry deserted, his friend, coworker, and fellow Pennsylvanian, Maris Kerns, is listed as detached on horse detail. The transcription notes that November 15th is an estimated date. It could have been earlier. We can surmise that detached for horse detail for a cavalry soldier could mean procuring more horses that means stealing them in the name of the war effort. So if Maris was out rounding up horses, could it be possible that he was with Henry? Possibly they knew the Pennsylvania area better and were procuring horses there? When in Pennsylvania, possibly they had been spotted. But, Henry ended up captured while Maris had escaped. We can not say, but stealing horses (on horse detail), up in Pennsylvania, is an intriguing possibility. Nevertheless, being held prisoner at Fort Mifflin would seem an unlikely treatment for someone who had "gone over to the enemy."

Regardless, after one week in prison, Henry was able to persuade his Union captures that he would renounce the Confederacy and no longer fight. On November 25, 1863, at Fort Mifflin, Pennsylvania, Henry swore his Oath of Allegiance. Then, General Cadwalader ordered Henry's release. But Henry could not stay in Pennsylvania, due to the obvious conflicts caused by his Confederate loyalty. But he also could not go back to Virginia, because he swore he would not fight anymore, and they'd make him rejoin his regiment. However, if the Yankees caught Henry fighting for the Confederates again, they would shoot him dead. So Henry was a man without a country. Where could he go?

He went to Bermuda.
From the Swope Family, 1689-1896
by Gilbert Ernest Swope, published 1896. here (page 182)

From Pennsylvania, Henry must have quietly traveled back to one of the southern ports. There, a steady stream of fast-running ships known as the Blockade Runners were available. He booked passage on one, and they would have skirted the Union Navy and carried him into the Caribbean, then known as the "offshore Confederacy." As a consequence of the naval blockade, the Bahamas, Cuba, and Bermuda had all become major hubs for commerce with the Confederacy. Henry chose Bermuda, where many were openly sympathetic to the rebel cause. There he would have found the streets swarming with Southerners and all the ports filled with ships flying Confederate flags. Henry could have blended right in. He had inevitably left his wife, Catherine, and five surviving children in Lancaster, and all he had to do was wait out the war, which ended in April of 1865. He had probably been living as an exile in Bermuda for some sixteen months, but Henry would have quickly sailed back to America on one of the now idled blockade runners.

The Routes and mileage for Blockade Runners. It was 674 miles from Wilmington, Delaware to Bermuda.
Maris Vernon Kerns, miller and millwright of Gloucester County, Virginia, formerly of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
      But in Pennsylvania, Henry's treason was still fresh. He was not wanted there. Then again, his desertion would also still be remembered by his former neighbors, down in Gloucester. He was not welcome there either. Choosing to stay in the South while perhaps seeking the anonymity of a larger city, Henry moved to Norfolk, sometime before the 1870 Census, along with his In 1870 Henry's occupation is listed as a merchant. Then for the 1880 Census,here he had moved to Philadelphia, which in the period, was still sympathetic to the Southern cause. The 55-year-old gave his occupation as a sexton for a church.

Down in Gloucester County, the men in the 5th Cavalry headed home. Among those returning were Samuel D. Puller, former neighbor to Henry and brother of Major Puller. Maris also survived and returned to Ware. He had spent time in a Union prison as a prisoner of war, and after being released and recovering, he went back to finish the war. One who did not join the fight was John G. Landis, Henry's partner in the destroyed mill. In the 1870 Census, John was counted down in Gloucester .here From it we see, he had finally moved down. It would have been sometime after his son John Jr's, 1864 Pennsylvania birth. In 1870 John stated he was a mill owner, so he and Maris had built another mill. Maris was also enumerated there in 1870 Census,here Maris had prospered and he listed his combined property and estate value at $2447, (compared with $200 in 1860). John Landis' combined property and personal estate value, despite in 1861, losing the mill, had more than tripled to $7,905. Things were going well in Gloucester County.

On the day he died, up in Lancaster County, in January of 1869, Henry's father, John, even cut his son out of his will. This excerpt pointedly shows John's feelings about his son's support for Confederacy and his fighting against his country:
"Having advanced to my son Henry Bushong and my daughter Annie Gockley, what I consider their full shares and portions of my Estate, and, perhaps, more than their shares, I give them nothing in this will and do not allow them to receive anything more out of my Estate, but I direct my Executor to deliver to my daughter Anne, the lands I hold against her husband and to my son Henry the lands I hold against him.
Written on January 12, 1869, and proven on January 23, 1869.
Henry was virtually written out of the will by his father. Also from the will, it turns out that it was not just Henry who went south, but a sister too. Before 1860, Henry's sister, Anna, had married a Sebastian Gockley, also from Lancaster, and they moved to Gloucester. It seems more than likely they moved there also in connection with the mill venture. She and Sebastian are enumerated there June 26 1860, for the Census, (spelled Jockley).here Sadly, July 5, 1860, Anna's husband died just nine days after the census. But carved on Sebastian's tombstone, we find that, the prior year, on the 23rd of October 1859, the young couple had lost their newborn son. When Sebastian died, he was 23 years old. Anna, at the time, was 29. Sebastian Gockley's funerary record is available on

Henry's and his sister's move to Virginia and their involvement with the Confederacy had predictably created a deep and unforgivable riff in the Bushong family. By the 1870 Census,here Anna was living in Lancaster City, and even after ten years, suffering the loss of an infant and becoming a widow, Anna's father had still not forgiven her.

Henry lived in Philadelphia, until 1891, when he died at his home. A few weeks shy of his birthday, he was 65 years old. The cause of death was listed as a heart condition with Dropsy a contributing

Henry Bushong
Henry Bushong, a native of Upper Leacock township, this county, died at his home, at No. 524 North 32nd Street, Philadelphia on Thursday, after an illness of several months, from heart failure aged 67
[sic] years. The deceased was a brother of Dr. I. Bushong of this place and Isaac Bushong, Esq. of Upper Leacock. He made several visits to our town and was well known to a number of our citizens.
Funeral services will be held at the home of the deceased this evening at 8 o'clock, and tomorrow (Sunday) morning, the remains will be brought to Bird-in-Hand on the mail train, and taken thence to Heller's Church for burial, about 10 o'clock A.M.

The New Holland Clarion
Saturday, 27 June 1891
Page 1, Column 5
Henry Bushong's body arrived in Bird in Hand on Sunday, and that day, they buried him in the Salem Heller Cemetery. Henry's funerary record is on It might be noticed that his obituary said little about him, except that he was "well known to a number of our citizens." It seems likely that "well known" is about his treason of some thirty years before. But after years of estrangement from his family and Lancaster County, in death, all was forgiven. In the Salem-Heller's Cemetery, Henry's remains are with his mother, his father, and over sixty other Bushongs, as well as his former community.

Henry Bushong's tombstone in the Salem Heller's Cemetery. Photo by MiaBeth compliments of FindaGrave. ©2018 all rights reserved.
As a final thought. The devastation of the South caused during the Civil War was horrendous, as related above, some Pennsylvanian participants in the Gloucester mill were able to avoid it or overcome it. Henry's partner John, after all, had more than tripled his wealth, within five years of the end of the war. Maris had done well too. On the other hand, Henry, as well as his sister Anne had lost everything. In the 1870 Census, Anne listed no property, but just over a week before her husband died in 1860, they were noted with $4,000. In 1870 Henry had only $300, compared with $14,000 in To put it in perspective, $14,000 adjusted for inflation is over $425,000 today, (2018). What's the difference between Henry, John, and Maris? Possibly it was Henry's desertion to the North. Or maybe taking a broader view, being caught between two communities with very different concepts of equality, was what had caused Henry so much anguish. Perhaps if Henry had fully committed to the South and had rejoined his regiment, he could have shared in the prosperity his partner John, millwright Maris, and inevitably others had.

Henry Bushong the Confederate Pennsylvanian chose the wrong side of history and it cost him so much.
August 16, 2018
A Boschung Family Crest
From Switzerland

The Ablandschen Boschung Crest.
Generated to match the original. Click to enlarge.
Boschung Crest from Swiss Archives.
      The reason there is no Boschung coat of arms has been discussed before on Bushong United. To read click here. We even voted on a faux Swiss coat of arms here. It is still true there would be no coat of arms for Boschung.

But recently, I spotted a Boschung Family Crest dated 1836 from Abländschen, Bern, Switzerland. The Bushong/Boschung ancestral family came from Oberwil and Boltigen, both in the Simmen Valley, which is close by. According to Google, Oberwil is just 17.5 miles, (28.2 km) from Ablandschen. The Boschung family in the Ablandschen area predates the Studer-Boschung family, so there is not much of a chance they are the same line as the Colonial Bushong family. Nevertheless it is about as close as Bushongs can get to their own correct Family Crest.
From the Swiss archive, the only crest images available are not very large scans, so I created the larger one at the top using a coat of arms generator. The description of the crest and its symbols provided by the generator are: "Blazon Sanguine, chief dexter estoile argent, chief sinister crescent vertical argent, base dexter flower or, base sinister trefoil or."

There are crests for other surnames in the Swiss Bern State Archives too, click here, (under Familienwappen). Two of those crests are for Jaggi, and Stocker, families that intermarried with the Boschungs. The crests for Jaggi and Stocker are from the villages that the Boschung's ancestors with those surnames came from, so there is actually a chance they are correct for Bushong/Boschungs.
From Lenk, the Jaggi family crest from Swiss Archives.

The Stocker crest from Zweisimmen from Swiss Archives

The book the crests came from.

The oldest Anneler crest, created 1546.
      The Anneler surname also has family crests, and they also married into the Boschung family. One of the Anneler crests is from the 16th century too. But the crests come from a different town than Anna Anneler is thought to have come from. They were farther away from Oberwil, the Boschung's home, so it is not certain if they are Anna Anneler's line. But they could be.
Want to make your own crest?
Though there are other sites, I recreated the Boschung crest above, here...
Make a Crest or a Coat of Arms
July 15, 2018
Original Church Records
From Germany
For Andrew, Parents and Siblings

Johann Nicholas Boschung and Anna Magdalena Schaffner marry October 15, 1715,
Waldfischbach, Germany

Along with the Swiss Boschung church records, some may have not noticed that a few German church records for Nicholas Bushong and Magdalena Schaffner have been located. Above for example is Nicholas' and Magdalena's marriage record. They are available in their respective articles, (just click on the links, "View original"). Some of the records like this marriage record and Andrew's baptism are quite important to Bushong heritage. There are also baptism records for several other of their children too.

Then it was nice to find Andrew's original church record for his November 1759 banns and marriage to Catherine (maiden name unknown). Right out of the Reverend Aeneas Ross' church book.

 For your Bushong originals collection!

July 14, 2018
Fragments of
Swiss Boschung Heritage

Cover from Oberwil Parish's book.

I am pleased to add a new page containing some fragments of church records from the Simmen Valley, in Switzerland. There are over fifty excerpts of pages from the Boltigen, Oberwil, and Zweisimmen Churches, and most involve the Boschungs. Ranging from 1594 to 1701, they make an impressive ecclesiastical record of the Swiss ancestors for Bushongs to study. But keep in mind these are not complete.

The fragments have been captioned with dates and tentative descriptions, which are subject to additional translation in the future. Like all but a few Bushongs, I don't speak (or read) High German, so to assist, on the page there are a few translations along with a pop-up chart of old German script which you may need. If you'd like to see all of the Bern church books, there is a link listed on the page.

Also the "Buschi" family is found in the Oberwil church books, and they went to church with the Boschungs. Two of their many records have been extracted and are viewable on the page. Some may recall that this is the very line of Buschi, who later moved to Trippstadt area in Germany, along with the Boschung family. Some actually sailed back to America in 1754 with Andrew too. From the church books it can be seen they also married into the Studer and Roschi families, just like the Boschung did. They are charted in the tree, and these associations lead to the logical conclusion, that they were related. Which is why American descendants of the Buschi, now spelling their name Bushey, had their DNA tested. But ultimately, they were not related and like the Boschung actually had a different paternal line, (Ling), and had been adopted into the Buschi name and family. Read about it in the archives, here.

The new page is available from the Featured Column on the right, the Published Articles page, or by clicking, hereSee it on Bushong United

As sources go, it doesn't get any more original!
June 1, 2018
First Five Boschung Generations
are finished
Rewritten and Expanded!

Hello again Readers,

I'm pleased to say, the first five generations of Boschungs/Bushong have all had their articles rewritten and expanded. As mentioned before, I have rewritten them in chronological order, oldest to youngest, for easier reading.

In writing these articles, new narratives have emerged. In part two of Our Swiss Family Bushong, from the narrative, it now appears that Hans John Bushong, (IV), and his nephew, Andrew Bushong, actually inherited their property- see it here. Then in Nicholas' article, it illustrates, that he and Magdalena, died very quickly- see it here. Read the articles. Regardless, at least for me, it provided a sense of closure, for their mysterious deaths.

Also for convenience, a link to the next generation or page, has been added to the bottom of these articles. Now it is possible to follow through, up to six generations, sequentially.

  They can be found in the Featured Articles column on the right or in the Published Articles' page, here.

May 23, 2018
  A New Article 
The Original Bushong
In America

Hello Readers,

The second part of Our Swiss Family Bushong - The Original Bushong in America is now available. It discusses the last Swiss born Boschung and his journeys through Germany and ultimately to Pennsylvania. I think you'll find it fills in a few more pieces of our Boschung ancestor's lives.
Available in the Featured Articles column, (on the right), the Published Articles page or by clicking hereSee it on Bushong United

More Bushong Heritage for all!

May 21, 2018
The 1731 Ship Britannia
Oath of Allegiance
With Hans Boschung, IV

1731 the Britannia Oath of Allegiance
click to enlarge

Here's a nice piece of Bushong Heritage, extracted from Mr. Strassburger's books (below), Volume Two. It is the Oath of allegiance for the adult male immigrants aboard the Britannia, signed September 21, 1731, in Philadelphia. Both Mr Rupp's and Mr. Strassburger's books refer to it as List B. Hans Boschung. IV, has signed in his own hand, in the left row, third from the bottom.

There is another, List C, which is the Oath of Abjuration, also included in the book, which when time permits, I'll extract, but for now, at least we have this one.

Another bit of Bushong Heritage, (suitable for framing), for your collection!

May 14, 2018
New for the Digital Library
Pennsylvania German Pioneers
All Three Volumes

I was happy to find these digital books for the Bushong Digital Library. here. It is the full three volume set, of Ralph Beaver Strassburger's excellent reference books involving the Colonial Immigration. In the past, I've always used and enjoyed Daniel Rupp's Thirty Thousand Names book, which is an excellent book, but when Mr. Strassburger published these books, he improved what Mr. Rupp did some fifty years earlier. He also tracked down some missing ship's lists including the 1754 arrival of the Ship Recovery, which Andrew Bushong was on, (page 695 - digital 649).
Pennsylvania German Pioneers,
by Ralph Beaver Strassburger.
Norristown, Pennsylvania: Published 1934,
All Three Volumes
    Note: these will open in a new tab.
    Files can take some time to open, depending on your internet speed.
  1.   Pennsylvania German Pioneers, Volume 1.
    Read full PDF on Bushong United
  2.   Pennsylvania German Pioneers, Volume 2; The Facsimiles.
    Read PDF on Bushong United
  3.   Pennsylvania German Pioneers, Volume 3; The Index.
    Read PDF on Bushong United
Volume Two of the set is especially interesting as it contains facsimiles of virtually every scrap of the Colonial ship's lists. Mr. Strassburger has painstakingly copied using a large format camera, the actual lists. For me these copies show the information in it's original context and as an original source, not transcribed.

These books were just digitized in 2017, and weren't available a few years ago, when I was last looking. It illustrates how the ""internet" is still be populated with information, and needs to be rechecked every couple of years.

Collect them for your library or read them on Bushong United!
May 14, 2018
Our Swiss Bushong's
First Three Generations
In a New Article

Hello Readers,
When the articles on the Bushongs were first written, they were created as ancestors were being discovered, from the newer generations to the oldest. They are now being rewritten beginning with the earliest, in a more chapter-like form, and the first one is now available.

It is called Our Swiss Family Bushong, and this episode is Beyond Bushong. It covers the first three generations of Swiss Boschungs, who never left their country, and were never called Bushong, hence they are beyond Bushong. I found the narrative that ultimately emerged interesting as well as intriguing, and I hope you will too. Please note, that with the church records being recently located, there are inevitably additions, small changes, and details that will be added to the article, but must wait until later.
It can be found in the Featured Articles column on the right, and later in the Articles page, or by clicking hereSee it on Bushong United

The first chapter in Bushong History is now available!

May 3, 2018
Simmental Valley
Original Church Books!

Michel Studer to Dichtila Jaggi January 1598, in the Boltigen Church, in Switzerland.

I was really excited to finally see this. For those following modern Bushong genealogy, this is a copy of the marriage record from the church book, for virtually every American Bushong descendants' First Boschung Family. Michael Studer Boschung and Dichtli Jaggi. I still haven't fully translated it, but it's their marriage. The top section has the word Oaths in it, and the other entries, were marriages, too. If any of our German speaking Bushongs have time to jump in and translate, it would help. If you would like to try your hand at it, possibly this chart of with the old German scripts will help, click here, for pop-up viewer.

In expanding Nicholas' article, (still coming), I was also able to expand the Switzerland articles, and in doing so, I ran across the Simmental Valley Church books. They are proving to be a treasure trove. Of course, they're "the" original source for many Boschung births, baptisms. and marriages.

The articles, of which at least five are involved, are progressing nicely. When they're finished and published, I'll post more on the church books here, for everyone.
From the 16th Century-another original source!
April 26, 2018
More Bushong Genealogy
Coming Soon!

Hello readers,
I'm currently working on an expansion and revision, of the Johann Nicholas Bushong article, here, as well as his ancestor's articles, which will be what the next post is about. The revised articles, (pages), are tied to it, so all will be updated and uploaded at one time. They should be done soon and will be published here at Bushong United for everyone to share.

For those on the Hans side, the two brother's lives were closely linked together in Pennsylvania, and he was involved too--check back and they'll be here.
And remember...
Genealogy doesn't happen overnight.

April 12, 2018
Ask Your Cousins
Granny's Photograph

The Classic Granny - Mary Bosserman Bowen Rothrock
Click to enlarge. For uncropped image click here

I was looking at an online tree (on the other day, and I found a very nice portrait. Her maiden name was Bosserman, and I'd remembered there were Bossermans in our tree. Specifically, from Van Buren Twp., in Hancock County, Ohio, Harriet Bosserman, 1852-1940. Harriet married John Bushong, 1855-1918, the son of Simon Bushong and Mary Jane Morrison (see the tree). However, after checking, this beautiful portrait is sadly, not part of our Bushong Heritage. Its subject, Mary Bosserman Bowen Rothrock, is at best, only a shirt-tail relative, being a first cousin to our Harriet.

Clarence Rothrock, Mary's son, before his death in 1899. Clarence is using a unique large format "view camera," that possibly used five-by-seven inch sheet film.
        Still, in its own right, it's a wonderful portrait, and could perhaps represent everyone's ideal of a Classic Granny. It's the type of portrait we all want in our family's tree. Mary's photo was taken by her grandnephew, Harry R. Lapp, 1894-1970, probably when he was still a teenager, and it is thought to have been featured in a number of national magazines and newspapers. Young Harry, inevitably became interested in photography early on, from his older cousin, Clarence Rothrock. Cousin Clarence was Mary's youngest son, and his interest in photography at an early age, is proven in a photo of him, with what appears to be a homemade camera. Tragically in 1899, at just fifteen years old, Clarence drowned at a family picnic. It's altogether possible that when Harry was a little older, his great aunt Mary gave him the camera. Maybe it was the very camera he used it to take Mary's photo?

But more to the point... just as Mary's descendants, would have found her portrait in their cousins' photo albums and collections, so it is with us. As such, if we want to find our old family photographs, we need to look to our cousins. As an example, a year or so ago, I received a bunch of wonderful original and old family photos from a second cousin. My grandfather was one of seven children, and he would have received more or less an equal part of his parent's photos. Yet, his grandniece, had dozens of priceless (to Bushongs) original photos. Many I'd never even seen and one actually helped identify two 1860s photos that had been a puzzle for over 35 years! My cousin had a lot of Bushong photos and her family hadn't been named Bushong for three generations. I'm not alone, and I often communicate with Bushong descendants, who find new photos and more often than not, they are from cousins.

That is the point, our cousins have the family photographs. The family photographs from grand, great and great great grandparents, were given to (or pilfered by) their children who aside from our direct lines, are our some kind of great, uncles and aunts. Our family's photo collections and albums were broken up and scattered to the children. The more generations back and the more children, the more scattered they are. Then they were inevitably passed down and are now in the hands of our cousins and they may have no idea who the old photos are of. Our second third and forth cousins have the photos.

So if we want family photos, such as the "Classic Granny" (above), for our branches in the Bushong or any family, then we have to find and communicate with our cousins. Become, as they say a cousin stalker, or possibly better said a cousin tracker. And perhaps as a hint, when pursuing photos and communicating with cousins, I've always found it helped to have my own good quality photographs and offer them first. Then everyone is more interested in sharing. But if we want photographs of our family, we need to get them from the cousins.

Incidentally, the Bushong United Family Tree, has almost 2000 living Bushong descendants listed. However, the tree for anyone born after 1930 or not marked deceased is "privatized" and not available publicly. But if I can help you find living cousins, please email me and I'll let you know what I have. Regardless, we have to find the remaining pictures before they are lost, in a fire, in a flood, or they just fade away....

So if you want a chance to find photos like Granny's, just hope there was a photographer like Harry in your family and ask your cousins.
To see Mary's original scan before restoration, click here,

March 19, 2018


Bushong United is Copyright ©2020 by Rick Bushong any Commercial Use is Prohibited.
Non-commercial use is allowed with permission or if copyright is included.
Photos are in the commons or are otherwise noted. No Bandwidth Theft Allowed


      1575~1623: Michael (Swiss)
      1600-1669: Hans I (Swiss)
      1635-1694: Hans II (Swiss)
      1661~1732: Hans III (Swiss)
      1692-1749: Hans IV (German)
      1693-1732: Nicholas (German)
      1717-1790: Andrew (German)

Featured Bushong Articles on the Bushong United Website             

The Origin of the
Bushong-Boschung Surname

For well over a hundred years, American genealogists, have been documenting and charting the Bushong surname. A name which is derived from a native tongue that most, if not all of them, are completely unfamiliar with - Schweizerdeutsch or translated, Swiss German....
Read More

The 1930 Census
Bushongs Are Charted

In a genealogical charting project, completed in December 2011, the entire Bushong Family as found in the 1930 U.S. Census, was charted state by state, Bushong by Bushong from All the 1930 Census information was entered into a modern and easily searched and archived database, a GEDCOM. The results...
Read More

All Bushongs are Related
Connected by DNA
To One Colonial Immigrant

Down through the generations, there's always been family genealogists who believed the Bushong Family, consisted of literally dozens of family lines, with numerous immigrants arriving on American shores in the Colonial period. Then, in 2011...
Read More

of Swiss
Boschung Heritage

These are the sources for the original Boschung family from the actual Boltigen and Oberwil church books in Canton Bern, Switzerland. The selections are focused on the Boschung and ancillary families...
Read More

Our Swiss Family Bushong - Beyond Bushong
Our Swiss Family Bushong
Part 1: Beyond Bushong

In west central Switzerland, is the canton of Bern. Located in the southwest corner of Bern, and settled amidst some of its most rugged mountains is an area known as Obersimmental. This is where the Simmental ...
Read More

Our Swiss Family Bushong
Part 2: The Original Bushong
in America

Who was the original or first Bushong in America? From many genealogists and sources old and new, there could be a lot of different answers...
Read More

Hans John Bushong IV
The Dutchman

Hans Boschung IV, 1692-1749, and Barbara, his wife are the progenitors of the largest branch of Bushongs in America and their immigration, with their children, to Pennsylvania, in September of 1731, is well known and...
Read More

The Immigrant
Johann Nicholas Boschung
Pennsylvania and Germany

Like his father and brother, Nicholas could have been looking for a new start, where land was cheap and his religious beliefs could not be outlawed. Or he could have been rushing to America to see an ailing father...
Read More

The Descendants of
Nicholas and Magdalena

These are the children of Johann Nicholas Bushong and Anna Magdalena Schaffner...
Read More

The Pioneer
Anthony Andrew Bushong
Part 1:Germany to Pennsylvania

On what was said to be a sunny day in the fall of 1732, a tiny ship sailed into the Philadelphia Harbor. It was the Pink "John and William, and aboard, with his parents and siblings was a young boy, Andreas Boschung...
Read More

The Pioneer
Anthony Andrew Bushong
Part 2: Maryland to Kentucky

In America, war began again in 1754. The long simmering problems between Britain, France, and the Indian Nations, including the Delaware and Shawnee, erupted...
Read More

Pink "John and William"
Captain Tymperton
The Immigrants Voyage

On the west bank of the Philadelphia Harbor in 1732, a small ship, named "John and William" finally pulled along side of the docks and cast its lines. It was very late, and out of eleven ships, that carried immigrants to Pennsylvania that year, it was the last to arrive...
Read More

Voyage of the
Pink "John and William"
The Voyager's Epilogue

The story continues... the dead and the mutineers... ...the return trip to Lisbon ...a surprising new career for Captain Tymperton. "John and William" becomes a slave ship and her shocking end
Read More

Murder Lurks
on the
Pink "John and William"

In 1732, a long and lethal transatlantic crossing, ended when the Pink "John and William," finally docked in Philadelphia. For the entire voyage, none aboard were aware, that one amongst them was being stalked by more than starvation and disease. None but one, a fellow voyager, whom they trusted. But this voyager was no immigrant, seeking freedom...
Read More

Land Warrant Survey Maps Lancaster and Dauphin Co. Pennsylvania

Select warrant survey maps, centering around Andrew Bushong and Hans Bushong, from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and Dauphin County when it was created ...
Read More

The Frontiersman & the Lady
John and Jenette Part 1

Over 250 years ago, on Wednesday, September 17, 1760, John Bushong, was born, in Wilmington, New Castle County, Delaware. He was the fourth child of Johann Anthony Andrew Bushong, (Sr.), but the first child with his second wife, Catherine...
Read More

The First Bushongs in Ohio
John and Jenette Part 2

It was in the spring of 1797, at the age of 36, that John Bushong left his Kentucky home, wife, and family and trekked off to the north east. The pioneer inevitably traveled overland and by river and ended up some 160 miles away, deep in the Northwest Territory, making him the first Bushong in the territory...
Read More

John Bushong Senior
1825 Ohio Estate Papers

These are the Probate/Estate papers of John Bushong Senior, (1760-1825) whose first wife was Jennette Young Summers and second wife was the widow Elizabeth Breedlove. The collection of documents range from 1822 thru 1825 and up to 1830...
Read More

William Wilhelm Bushong
1837 Estate Papers
Columbian Co., Ohio

He was named Wilhelm, according to the Register of the First Reformed Church, York, Pennsylvania, the son of Johannes Buschong and Elizabeth (Sprenkel). Sometime before 1778, not yet twelve years old, he moved with his family to Shenandoah County...
Read More

Jacob Bushong
Daguerreotype Discovered
In Rare Charter Oak Case

I was recently contacted by a Daguerreotype collector, who I'm pleased to announce has discovered and acquired a photograph of one of Henry Bushong (1783-1870) and Sarah Gilbert's (1787-1831) family...
Read More

Bushong-Rakestraw Daguerreotypes
Are Sold!

What a family treasure to lose! Eleven Images from the Bushong Rakestraw Clan were sold On March 9, 2013, at the Daguerreian Society 2013 Symposium Annual Benefit Auction....
Read More

Quaker Bushongs
of Lancaster County

Sallie Gilbert's Photo Album

What an exciting find and rare opportunity! Forty-nine newly rediscovered photographs. All in an original and untouched, Civil War era photo album. Also, it's fully identified with a total of 23 surnames! In this world, there are so many old photos without names and so many ancestors, who've never been seen...
Read More

The 180 Year Old
Bushong Place,
Roanoke, Virginia

There are three beautiful black and white photographs, taken in the 1930s, of a two story brick house in Roanoke Virginia, titled "Bushong Farm, Salem Vicinity, Roanoke County, Virginia", in the Library of Congress...
Read More

Albert Bushong, Dentist
Doc Bushong, Catcher

Albert John Bushong, DDS, better known as "Doc Bushong" was one of the most famous Major League Baseball catchers of the 19th century, and is one of a few actual celebrities in the Bushong family. He was also a major contributor to the final transformation of the catcher's mitt...
Read More

John Chester Bushong

John Chester Bushong was born on a Sunday, September 12, 1869, near Columbus Grove, Putnam County, Ohio. But it was his quest for knowledge and his passion for photography that would take him many places. Truly a man for all seasons he was successful in many pursuits...
Read More

The Front Page
At a Glance

The Front Page listed in chronological order and Feature Articles listed...
This site 100% Safe - checked by
Check this site at



The Genealogical Proof Standard (GPS) is a guideline for establishing the reliability ("proof") of a genealogical conclusion with reasonable certainty. It is important within the genealogical community for clearly communicating the quality of research performed, such as by a professional genealogist. It is also useful for helping new genealogists understand what is needed to do high-quality research.
    The five key elements
  1. A reasonably exhaustive research.
  2. Complete and accurate source citations.
  3. Analysis & correlation of the collected information.
  4. Resolution of any conflicting evidence.
  5. A soundly reasoned, coherently written conclusion.
Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Links open in a new tab

    30,000 Names (Text Ver)
Birth Date Calculator
Bushong United Tree
Library of Congress
Pennsylvania Historical

Share Bushong United!



Want to help? Though a lot has been figured out about the Colonial Bushong family, there is still much that could be done. If you'd like to help, look below at the areas where more research is needed.
Credit will be given for all contributions.

Identifying ANCI's

In the Bushong United Tree, this term is added to the first name for those charted who's parents or lineage is not known. There are over 70 currently listed, from dates in the 1700s and into the late 1900s, some could be very easy and some could be extremely difficult.

Care to try your hand? Type in "ANCI" into a first name search of the Bushong United Tree to see them all.
Church Records

The LDS Libraries have most of the church records, from Germany and Switzerland on microfilm. They are sort of indexed, yet still require reading and interpreting the ancient German script.

This is a targeted approach, and specific places, dates, and people can be provided. There are already researchers working on it, but more are needed.

If you can get to an LDS library, near you and aren't afraid of the old hand writing, contact me so the searches can be coordinated.
Finding Old Photos

Old photos are extremely rare and important for a family's heritage. Bushong United is collecting them for all Bushongs through the sixth generation from the immigrants. Some are hidden in shoeboxes and others behind false walls at These are so important that any means necessary should be used to bring them into the public Bushong Heritage and protect them.

Want to know if a photo is from the first six generations? Email me or search the Bushong United family tree, for the immigrants, Hans John Bushong or Johann Nicholas Bushong, then select the "Pedigree" view and count how many generations to the immigrant. If it's six, including the immigrant then there's a place for it.
Filling in the Blanks

The Bushong United family tree has thousands of individuals in it. Most of the names are documented with some census or other civic records, and possibly Find a Grave memorial's copied into it. But some, mostly from previously documented lines, are blank in the notes, with no proof provided. Though the relationships are probably correct, the proof should be also added to their notes.

If you find one like that and would like to help, from or any other suitable place, copy and paste their civic records into one email, and send it so it can be included in their notes.
Find John Bushong's
Pre 1719 Warrant

If Daniel Rupp can find it,
so can we
It stands to reason that if John Bushong's (III) Lancaster land warrant was on the 1719 tax list that Daniel Rupp transcribed into his book, then the list or possibly the "early warranties" list, can be found again. They often have details.

Possibly it is even online at the Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission website,here. On the other hand only part of the early warranties are available on line, so it may require a visit.

Any accurate information
will help!